Military > Army > Absence of standing army (notes): Countries Compared

DEFINITION: This stat lists countries that have no permanent army but possess some type of paramilitary forces, like coast guards or special police units, for tasks such as patroling the borders and keeping internal security. Each entry describes the current status of the country on regards to its defense, the type of forces they keep and their approximate numbers.
Haiti The Haitian military was disbanded in June 1995, but rebels have demanded its re-establishment. The 9,000-strong Haitian National Police maintains some paramilitary units and a Coast Guard ; these units are considered to be larger than what is required, considering the much smaller militaries of some neighboring countries. In April 2012, Haitian President Michel Martelly demanded the re-establishment of the Army, which he deems necessary for the stability of Haiti.
Iceland Has not had a standing army since 1869, but is an active member of NATO . There was a defense agreement with the United States , which maintained an Iceland Defense Force and a military base in the country from 1951 to 2006. However, the US announced it would continue to provide for Iceland's defense, but without permanently basing forces in the country; Naval Air Station Keflavik closed in late 2006 after 55 years. Even though Iceland does not have a standing army, it still maintains a military expeditionary peacekeeping force , an air defense system , an extensive militarised coast guard , a police service , and a tactical police force . There are also agreements about military and other security operations with Norway , Denmark , and other NATO countries.
Mauritius Mauritius has not had a standing army since 1968. All military, police, and security functions are carried out by 10,000 active duty personnel under the command of the Commissioner of Police . The 8,000 member National Police Force is responsible for domestic law enforcement. There is also a 1,500 member Special Mobile Force , and a 500 member National Coast Guard , which are both considered paramilitary units. Both units are equipped with small arms.
Monaco Renounced its general military investment in the 17th century because the advancement in artillery technology had rendered it defenseless, but still self identifies as having limited military forces. Although defense is the responsibility of France , two small military units are maintained; one primarily protects the Prince , and judiciary, while the other is responsible for civil defense, and fire fighting. Both units are well trained and equipped with small arms. In addition to the military, an armed national police force is maintained for internal security purposes.
Panama Abolished its army in 1990, which was confirmed by a unanimous parliamentary vote for constitutional change in 1994. The Panamanian Public Forces , includes the National Police, National Borders Service, National Aeronaval Service, and Institutional Protection Service, which have some warfare capabilities.
Vanuatu The Vanuatu Police Force maintain a paramilitary force, called the Vanuatu Mobile Force for internal security purposes. The Vanuatu Mobile Force is manned by almost 300 men and women, who are well equipped with small arms.


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