Health > Births and maternity > Maternity leave > Provider: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: The method/s in which women receive an income during their maternity leave. Some countries put the responsibility solely on the employer, while others either include maternity leaves into their social welfare programs or use a combination of the two. Some countries do not have laws regarding maternity leave such as the United States and Papua New Guinea.
Afghanistan Employer
Albania Social insurance system
Algeria Social security
Andorra Social insurance system
Angola Social security and Employer
Antigua and Barbuda Social insurance and Employer
Argentina Family allowance funds (financed through state and employer contributions)
Armenia Social insurance
Australia Social assistance system financed by the State
Austria Statutory health insurance, family burden equalization fund, or employer
Azerbaijan Social security
Bahrain Social security
Bangladesh Employer
Barbados National insurance system
Belarus State social insurance
Belgium Social security
Belize Social security or Employer (for women who are not entitled to receive benefits from social security)
Benin Social security (1/2) and Employer (1/2)
Bermuda Employer
Bolivia Social insurance
Botswana Employer
Brazil Social insurance
British Virgin Islands Social security
Brunei Employer
Bulgaria State public insurance (the General Sickness and Maternity Fund)
Burkina Faso Social security (if necessary, the employer adds up to the full wage)
Burma Social security
Burundi Employer (50%) and Social security (50%)
Cambodia Employer
Cameroon National Social Insurance Fund
Canada Federal and State. Employment Insurance
Cape Verde Social security
Central African Republic Social security
Chad Social security
Chile Social security
China Social insurance 
Colombia Social security
Comoros Employer
Costa Rica 50% Social security, 50% Employer
Cote d'Ivoire Social insurance
Croatia Health Insurance Fund (until  the child reaches the age of 6 months), and the rest is paid from the State Budget
Cuba Social security
Cyprus Social security 
Czech Republic Social security
Democratic Republic of the Congo Employer
Denmark Employer
Djibouti 50% Social Protection Body, 50% Employer
Dominica Social security
Dominican Republic 50% Social security, 50% Employer
Ecuador 75% Social security, 25% Employer
Egypt Social insurance (75%) and Employer (25%)
El Salvador Employer
Equatorial Guinea Social security
Eritrea Employer
Estonia Social security
Ethiopia Employer (for up to 45 days)
Fiji Employer
Finland Social insurance system
France Social security and Health Insurance Funds
Gabon National Social Security Fund
Gambia Employer
Germany Statutory health insurance scheme, employer
Ghana Employer
Greece Social security/State
Grenada 60% for 12 weeks by Social security, 40% for 2 months by Employer
Guatemala Social security (2/3), Employer (1/3)
Guernsey Social insurance and social assistance
Guinea Social security (1/2), Employer (1/2)
Guinea-Bissau Employer (if women receive subsidy from social security, employer pays the difference between subsidy and full salary)
Guyana Social security
Haiti Office of Workers' Compensation Insurance, Maternity and Sickness
Honduras Social security (2/3), Employer (1/3)
Hong Kong Employer
Hungary Health insurance
Iceland Social Insurance Fund   
India Employer
Indonesia Employer
Iran Social security
Iraq Employer
Ireland Social insurance
Isle of Man Social security and social assistance system
Israel Social security
Italy Social insurance
Jamaica Employer or social security for domestic worker
Japan 1/8 National Treasury, 7/8 Employment Insurance Fund
Jersey Social insurance
Jordan Social Security
Kazakhstan Employer
Kenya Employer
Kiribati Employer
Kuwait Employer
Kyrgyzstan Social security (Employer covers the first 10 working days)
Laos Social security or employer
Latvia State Social Insurance 
Lebanon Employer
Lesotho Employer
Libya Employer, Social security for self-employed women
Liechtenstein Social insurance
Lithuania Social Insurance 
Luxembourg Social security
Madagascar 50% Social insurance, 50% Employer
Malawi Employer
Malaysia Employer
Mali Social security
Malta Employer/Social security
Mauritania Social Security Fund
Mauritius Employer
Mexico Social security
Moldova Social security
Monaco Social insurance
Mongolia Social Insurance Fund
Morocco Social security
Mozambique Social security
Namibia Employer and Social security
Nepal Employer
Netherlands Social security
New Zealand State funds (Universal and social assistance system)
Nicaragua 60% by Social security, 40% by employer
Niger 50% Social insurance, 50% Employer
Nigeria Employer
Norway Social insurance
Pakistan Employer
Panama Social Security Fund
Paraguay Social security
Peru Social security system
Philippines Social security or employer
Poland Social Insurance Fund
Portugal Social insurance
Qatar Employer
Republic of Macedonia Health Insurance Fund
Romania State Health Insurance Fund
Russia Social Insurance Fund
Rwanda Employer (if women not covered by social security)
Saint Kitts and Nevis Social security
Saint Lucia Social security
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Social security
San Marino Social security
Sao Tome and Principe Social security (Employer if women not covered by social security)
Saudi Arabia Employer
Senegal Social security
Serbia Social security
Seychelles Social Security Fund
Singapore Employer and Government 
Slovakia Social Insurance (part of sickness insurance)
Slovenia Social security
Solomon Islands Employer
Somalia Employer
South Africa Unemployment Insurance Fund
South Korea Employment Insurance Fund
Spain Social security
Sri Lanka Employer
Sudan Employer
Sweden Social insurance 
Switzerland Social insurance
Syria Employer
Tajikistan Social security
Tanzania Employer
Thailand Employer and Social insurance system
The Bahamas National Insurance Board (2/3) and Employer (1/3)
Togo 50% Employer, 50% Social security
Trinidad and Tobago Employer and National Insurance Board 
Tunisia National Social Security Fund
Turkey Social security
Turkmenistan Social security
Uganda Employer
Ukraine Social security
United Arab Emirates Employer
United Kingdom Employer (92% refunded by public funds)
Uruguay Social security system
Uzbekistan State social insurance scheme
Vanuatu Employer
Venezuela Social security
Vietnam Social insurance fund
Yemen Employer
Zambia Employer
Zimbabwe Employer


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