Government > National symbol(s): Countries Compared

DEFINITION: A national symbol is a faunal, floral, or other abstract representation - or some distinctive object - that over time has come to be closely identified with a country or entity. Not all countries have national symbols; a few countries have more than one.
Afghanistan lion
Albania double-headed eagle
Algeria star and crescent; fennec fox
Angola Palanca Negra Gigante (giant black sable antelope)
Anguilla dolphin
Argentina Sun of May (a sun-with-face symbol)
Armenia Mount Ararat; eagle; lion
Australia Southern Cross constellation (five, seven-pointed stars); kangaroo; emu
Austria golden eagle
Azerbaijan flames of fire
Bangladesh Bengal tiger
Barbados Neptune's trident
Belarus mounted knight known as Pahonia (the Chaser)
Belgium lion
Belize Baird's tapir (a large, browsing, forest-dwelling mammal); keel-billed toucan
Benin leopard
Bermuda red lion
Bhutan thunder dragon known as Druk
Bolivia llama; Andean condor
Bosnia and Herzegovina golden lily
Botswana zebra
Brazil Southern Cross constellation
Bulgaria lion
Burkina Faso white stallion
Burma chinthe (mythical lion)
Burundi lion
Cambodia Angkor Wat temple; kouprey (wild ox)
Cameroon lion
Canada maple leaf
Central African Republic elephant
Chad goat (north); lion (south)
Chile huemul (mountain deer); Andean condor
China dragon
Christmas Island golden bosun bird
Colombia Andean condor
Comoros four stars and crescent
Congo, Republic of the lion; elephant
Costa Rica clay-colored robin known as Yiguirro
Cote d'Ivoire elephant
Croatia red-white checkerboard
Cyprus Cypriot mouflon (wild sheep); white dove
Czech Republic double-tailed lion
Democratic Republic of the Congo leopard
Denmark lion; mute swan
Dominica Sisserou parrot
Dominican Republic palmchat (bird)
Ecuador Andean condor
Egypt golden eagle
El Salvador turquoise-browed motmot (bird)
Equatorial Guinea silk cotton tree
Eritrea camel
Estonia barn swallow, cornflower
Ethiopia Abyssinian lion
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) ram
Faroe Islands ram
Finland lion
France Gallic rooster and Marianne
French Polynesia outrigger canoe
French Southern and Antarctic Lands sea lion
Gabon black panther
Georgia Saint George; lion
Germany golden eagle
Ghana black star; golden eagle
Gibraltar Barbary macaque
Greece Greek cross (white cross on blue field; arms equal length)
Greenland polar bear
Guam coconut tree
Guatemala quetzal (bird)
Guernsey Guernsey cow; donkey
Guyana Canje pheasant (hoatzin); jaguar
Haiti Hispaniolan trogon (bird)
Holy See (Vatican City) crossed keys
Honduras scarlet macaw; white-tailed deer
Hong Kong orchid tree flower
Hungary Holy Crown of Hungary (Crown of Saint Stephen); turul (falcon)
Iceland gyrfalcon
India the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which depicts four Asiatic lions standing back to back mounted on a circular abacus, is the official emblem; the Bengal tiger is the national animal
Indonesia garuda (mythical bird)
Iran lion
Iraq golden eagle
Ireland harp
Isle of Man triskelion (a motif of three legs)
Israel Star of David
Italy white, five-pointed star (Stella d'Italia)
Jamaica green-and-black streamertail (bird)
Japan red sun disc; chrysanthemum
Jersey Jersey cow
Jordan eagle
Kazakhstan golden eagle
Kenya lion
Kiribati frigatebird
Kuwait golden falcon
Kyrgyzstan gyrfalcon
Laos elephant
Latvia white wagtail (bird)
Lebanon cedar tree
Lesotho Basotho hat
Liberia white star
Libya star and crescent; hawk
Lithuania mounted knight known as Vytis (the Chaser)
Luxembourg lion
Macau lotus blossom
Malaysia tiger
Maldives coconut palm, yellowfin tuna
Malta Maltese cross
Mauritania star and crescent
Mexico golden eagle
Moldova aurochs (a type of wild cattle)
Mongolia soyombo emblem
Montenegro double-headed eagle
Morocco pentacle symbol; lion
Nepal rhododendron blossom
Netherlands lion
New Caledonia kagu bird
New Zealand Southern Cross constellation (four, five-pointed stars); kiwi (bird)
Nicaragua turquoise-browed motmot (bird)
Nigeria eagle
Norfolk Island Norfolk Island pine
North Korea red star
Northern Mariana Islands latte stone
Norway lion
Oman Khanjar dagger superimposed on two crossed swords
Pakistan star and crescent
Panama harpy eagle
Papua New Guinea bird of paradise
Paraguay lion
Peru vicuna (a camelid related to the llama)
Philippines Philippine eagle
Poland white eagle
Portugal armillary sphere (a spherical astrolabe modeling objects in the sky)
Puerto Rico Puerto Rican spindalis (bird); coqui (frog)
Republic of Macedonia eight-rayed sun
Romania golden eagle
Russia bear; double-headed eagle
Saint Helena Saint Helena plover (bird)
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha Saint Helena plover (bird)
Saint Kitts and Nevis brown pelican
Saint Lucia twin pitons (volcanic peaks); Saint Lucia parrot
Saint Martin brown pelican
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 16
Samoa Southern Cross constellation (five, five-pointed stars)
San Marino three peaks each displaying a tower
Saudi Arabia palm tree surmounting two crossed swords
Senegal lion
Serbia double-headed eagle
Sierra Leone lion
Singapore lion, merlion (mythical half lion-half fish creature)
Slovakia double-barred cross (Cross of St. Cyril and St. Methodius) surmounting three peaks
Slovenia Mount Triglav
Somalia leopard
South Africa springbok antelope
South Korea taegeuk (yin yang symbol)
South Sudan African fish eagle
Spain Pillars of Hercules
Sri Lanka lion
Sudan secretary bird
Swaziland lion; elephant
Sweden three crowns; lion
Switzerland Swiss cross (white cross on red field; arms equal length)
Syria hawk
Taiwan white, 12-rayed sun on blue field
Tajikistan crown surmounted by seven, five-pointed stars
Tanzania Uhuru (Freedom) torch
Thailand garuda (mythical half-man, half-bird figure); elephant
The Bahamas blue marlin; flamingo
The Gambia lion
Tokelau tuluma (fishing tackle box)
Tonga red cross on white field; arms equal length
Trinidad and Tobago scarlet ibis (bird of Trinidad); cocrico (bird of Tobago)
Tunisia encircled red star and crescent
Turkey star and crescent
Turkmenistan Akhal-Teke horse
Uganda grey crowned crane
Ukraine trident (tryzub)
United Arab Emirates golden falcon
United Kingdom lion (Britain in general); lion (England); lion, unicorn (Scotland); dragon (Wales); harp (Northern Ireland)
United States bald eagle
Uruguay Sun of May (a sun-with-face symbol)
Uzbekistan khumo (mythical bird)
Vanuatu boar's tusk
Venezuela troupial (bird)
Vietnam yellow, five-pointed star on red field
Wallis and Futuna red saltire (Saint Andrew's Cross) on a white square on a red field
Yemen golden eagle
Zambia African fish eagle
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe bird symbol; African fish eagle


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