Svalbard Geography Stats


  • Area > Comparative: The area of various small countries expressed in comparison to various areas within the United States of America.
  • Area > Comparative to US places: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements (1990 revised) provided by the US Bureau of the Census. The smaller entities are compared with Washington, DC (178 sq km, 69 sq mi) or The Mall in Washington, DC (0.59 sq km, 0.23 sq mi, 146 acres).
  • Area > Land: Total land area in square kilometres
  • Area > Land > Per capita: Total land area in square kilometres Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Area > Total: Total area in square kilometers
  • Area > Water: Total water area in square kilometers
  • Climate: A brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.
  • Coastline: The total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea.
  • Elevation extremes > Highest point: Highest point above sea level
  • Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the purpose of finding the approximate geographic center of an entity and is based on the Gazetteer of Conventional Names, Third Edition, August 1988, US Board on Geographic Names and on other sources.
  • Land use > Arable land: The percentage of used land that is arable. Arable land is land cultivated for crops that are replanted after each harvest like wheat, maize, and rice
  • Location: The country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.
  • Natural hazards: Potential natural disasters.
  • Natural resources: A country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance.
  • Terrain: A brief description of the topography
Area > Comparative slightly smaller than West Virginia 2013
Area > Comparative to US places slightly smaller than West Virginia 2008
Area > Land 61,020 sq km 2008 122nd out of 235
Area > Land > Per capita 28,184.76 sq km per 1,000 people 2008 1st out of 224
Area > Total 62,045 sq km 2013 126th out of 251
Area > Water 0.0 2013 233th out of 246
Climate arctic, tempered by warm North Atlantic Current; cool summers, cold winters; North Atlantic Current flows along west and north coasts of Spitsbergen, keeping water open and navigable most of the year 2013
Coastline 3,587 km 2014 34th out of 242
Elevation extremes > Highest point Newtontoppen 1,717 m 2013
Geographic coordinates 78 00 N, 20 00 E 2013
Land use > Arable land 0.0 2013 240th out of 246
Location Northern Europe, islands between the Arctic Ocean, Barents Sea, Greenland Sea, and Norwegian Sea, north of Norway 2013
Natural hazards ice floes often block the entrance to Bellsund (a transit point for coal export) on the west coast and occasionally make parts of the northeastern coast inaccessible to maritime traffic 2011
Natural resources coal, iron ore, copper, zinc, phosphate, wildlife, fish 2013
Terrain wild, rugged mountains; much of high land ice covered; west coast clear of ice about one-half of the year; fjords along west and north coasts 2013

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008



Svalbard Geography Profiles (Subcategories)

Area 10 Land use 3
  • Svalbard ranked second for area > land > per capita globally in 2008.
  • Svalbard ranked 4th last for land use > arable land amongst Cold countries in 2013.
  • Svalbard has ranked in the top 2 for area > total > per capita since 2005.
  • Svalbard has ranked 18th from the bottom for maritime claims > territorial sea since 2008.
  • Svalbard has ranked in the top 20 for maritime claims > exclusive fishing zone since 2005.
  • Svalbard has ranked in the top 25 for land use > other since 2005.
  • Svalbard has ranked in the top 39 for coastline since 2005.
  • Svalbard has ranked in the top 129 for area > total since 2005.
  • Svalbard has ranked in the top 122 for area > land since 2005.
  • Svalbard has ranked in the top 234 for area > water since 2005.

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