Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia Background Stats

National tree:

Phoenix palm


  • Full name: Full names (translated to english) of the United Nations member states, as of 2014. For a list of full names in the respective original languages of each country, check this link.
  • Land border length: The length of each country's land border. Islands are listed as having a 0.0 km.
  • Named after person: After whom each country and dependent territory was named.
  • National anthems: National anthem.
  • National identity card: Description.
  • Neighboring countries and territories: The countries and territories neighboring each country. "L" means they share only a land border and "M" means they have only maritime boundaries. A blank means they share both.
  • Number of maritime boundary neighbours: Number of states and territories with which each country shares a maritime border. Two countries separated from each other by a body of water have a maritime border with each other.
  • Overview: A geopolitical overview of every sovereign country in the world, briefly examining their recent history and place on the global stage. The texts are taken from the BBC News website.
Full name Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2013
Land border length 4,431 km 2014 41st out of 200
Named after person Muhammad bin Saud 2014
National anthems As-Salam Al Malaki ( The Royal Salute ) 2011
National identity card The National ID Card "Bitaqat Al-Ahwal Al-Madaniya" ( Arabic : \u0628\u0637\u0627\u0642\u0629 \u0627\u0644\u0623\u062d\u0648\u0627\u0644 \u0627\u0644\u0645\u062f\u0646\u064a\u0629 ‎) Issued at 15 for males, compulsory at 17. Non-compulsory for females but issued at 18. 2004
Neighboring countries and territories Bahrain (M) Egypt (M) Eritrea (M) Iran (M) Iraq (L) Jordan Kuwait Oman (L) Qatar Sudan (M) United Arab Emirates Yemen 2014
Number of maritime boundary neighbours 10 2014 3rd out of 171

One of the most insular countries in the Middle East, Saudi Arabia has emerged from being an underdeveloped desert kingdom to become one of the wealthiest nations in the region thanks to vast oil resources.

But its rulers face the delicate task of responding to pressure for reform while combating extremist violence.

Named after the ruling Al Saud family, which came to power in the 18th century, the country includes the Hijaz region - the birthplace of the Muslim Prophet Muhammad and the cradle of Islam. This fact, combined with the Al Sauds' espousal of a strict interpretation of Sunni Islam known as Wahhabism, has led it to develop a strongly religious self-identity.

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