Poland Background Stats

Border with Ukraine:

542.39 km (337.03 mi) including 187.3 km (116.4 mi) by rivers


  • Daylight Savings Time end date: Rules that determine the date on which daylight savings time ends. Clocks are moved backwards on this date.
  • Daylight Savings Time start date: Rules that determine the date on which daylight savings time begins. Clocks are moved forward on this date.
  • First human settlement > Date: Date or period of the first known or suspected human settlement within each geographic location listed. For further descriptions, please refer to notes.
  • First human settlement > Notes: Description of the first known or suspected human settlement within each geographic location listed. For the date or period of the described settlement, please refer to the according date stat.
  • First human settlement > Place: Location of the first known or suspected human settlement in each country.
  • Full name: Full names (translated to english) of the United Nations member states, as of 2014. For a list of full names in the respective original languages of each country, check this link.
  • Independence day date: Date.
  • Land border length: The length of each country's land border. Islands are listed as having a 0.0 km.
  • Length of border with Russia: Length in kilometers of each country's border with Russia. China, which has a border with Russia of 3,645 km, is not included. Russia has international borders with 16 countries, and a total land border of 20,241 kilometres (12,577 mi), making it the second-longest one of any country in the world.
  • National anthems: National anthem.
  • National identity card: Description.
  • National tree: Name of tree.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Neighboring countries and territories: The countries and territories neighboring each country. "L" means they share only a land border and "M" means they have only maritime boundaries. A blank means they share both.
  • Number of maritime boundary neighbours: Number of states and territories with which each country shares a maritime border. Two countries separated from each other by a body of water have a maritime border with each other.
  • Overview: A geopolitical overview of every sovereign country in the world, briefly examining their recent history and place on the global stage. The texts are taken from the BBC News website.
Daylight Savings Time end date 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October 2013
Daylight Savings Time start date 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 2013
First human settlement > Date 30,000 BP 2014
First human settlement > Notes A boomerang made from mammoth tusk. 2014
First human settlement > Place Obłazowa Cave 2014
Full name Republic of Poland 2013
Independence day date November 11 1918
Land border length 2,788 km 2014 65th out of 200
Length of border with Russia 432 km 2014 7th out of 15
National anthems Mazurek D\u0105browskiego ( Poland Is Not Yet Lost, So long as we still live ) 2011
National identity card Polish National Identity Card The card is compulsory at 18. Those who do not comply with the relevant law are subject to restriction of freedom for up to 1 month or fine penalty. Until 1939 there were no compulsory id cards in Poland. However with German and Russian occupation they arrived, and after 1945 were hold by communist government. Today it is still obligatory to have ID card for Polish citizen, No exceptions, even if somebody possesses a valid passport, however there are other documents treated as useful for identification in some legal/govt. purposes(e.g. elections and "sailor book"). Also there is no law requiring Polish citizen to have any ID card in public space/during driving with driving license(so for e.g. police say "Please show me Your ID with driving license, if You have). But if You have with You the ID card and not show during control, on ask/question(even with only "Please show me"), You can be fined if the police after searching You personally found it. Foreigners(not citizens with issued ID card ) are obligated by law to have ID in public space/private. 2004
National tree Oak 2014
Neighboring countries and territories Belarus (L) Czech Republic (L) Denmark (M) Germany Lithuania (L) Russia Slovakia (L) Sweden (M) Ukraine (L) 2014
Number of maritime boundary neighbours 4 2014 28th out of 171

A nation with a proud cultural heritage, Poland can trace its roots back over 1,000 years. Positioned at the centre of Europe, it has known turbulent and violent times.

There have been periods of independence as well as periods of domination by other countries. Several million people, half of them Jews, died in World War II.

A new era began when Poland became an EU member in May 2004, five years after joining Nato and 15 years after the end of communist rule.

Full Article


Poland Background Profiles (Subcategories)

First human settlement 3

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