Madagascar Background Stats

National tree:



  • First human settlement > Date: Date or period of the first known or suspected human settlement within each geographic location listed. For further descriptions, please refer to notes.
  • First human settlement > Notes: Description of the first known or suspected human settlement within each geographic location listed. For the date or period of the described settlement, please refer to the according date stat.
  • Full name: Full names (translated to english) of the United Nations member states, as of 2014. For a list of full names in the respective original languages of each country, check this link.
  • Independence day date: Date.
  • Land border length: The length of each country's land border. Islands are listed as having a 0.0 km.
  • National anthems: National anthem.
  • National identity card: Description.
  • Neighboring countries and territories: The countries and territories neighboring each country. "L" means they share only a land border and "M" means they have only maritime boundaries. A blank means they share both.
  • Overview: A geopolitical overview of every sovereign country in the world, briefly examining their recent history and place on the global stage. The texts are taken from the BBC News website.
First human settlement > Date 500 AD 2014
First human settlement > Notes The population of Madagascar seems to have derived in equal measures from Borneo and East Africa. 2014
Full name Republic of Madagascar 2013
Independence day date June 26 1960
Land border length 0.0 2014 198th out of 200
National anthems Ry Tanindrazanay malala \u00f4! ( Oh, Beloved Land of our Ancestors ) 2011
National identity card Kara-panondrom-pirenen'ny teratany malagasy ( Carte nationale d'identit\u00e9 de citoyen malagasy ). Possession is compulsory for Malagasy citizens from age 18 (by decree 78-277, 1978-10-03). 2004
Neighboring countries and territories Comoros (M) France (M) Mozambique (M) Seychelles (M) French Southern and Antarctic Lands ( France ) (M) Mayotte ( France ) (M) 2014

Madagascar is the world's fourth biggest island after Greenland, New Guinea and Borneo. Because of its isolation most of its mammals, half its birds, and most of its plants exist nowhere else on earth.

The island is heavily exposed to tropical cyclones which bring torrential rains and destructive floods, such as the ones in 2000 and 2004, which left thousands homeless.

The Malagasy are thought to be descendants of Africans and Indonesians who settled on the island more than 2,000 years ago. Malagasy pay a lot of attention to their dead and spend much effort on ancestral tombs, which are opened from time to time so the remains can be carried in procession, before being rewrapped in fresh shrouds.

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