Indonesia Background Stats

National tree:



  • First human settlement > Date: Date or period of the first known or suspected human settlement within each geographic location listed. For further descriptions, please refer to notes.
  • First human settlement > Notes: Description of the first known or suspected human settlement within each geographic location listed. For the date or period of the described settlement, please refer to the according date stat.
  • Full name: Full names (translated to english) of the United Nations member states, as of 2014. For a list of full names in the respective original languages of each country, check this link.
  • Independence day date: Date.
  • Land border length: The length of each country's land border. Islands are listed as having a 0.0 km.
  • National anthems: National anthem.
  • National identity card: Description.
  • Neighboring countries and territories: The countries and territories neighboring each country. "L" means they share only a land border and "M" means they have only maritime boundaries. A blank means they share both.
  • Overview: A geopolitical overview of every sovereign country in the world, briefly examining their recent history and place on the global stage. The texts are taken from the BBC News website.
First human settlement > Date 45,000 BP 2014
First human settlement > Notes Early humans travelled by sea and spread from mainland Asia eastward to New Guinea and Australia 2014
Full name Republic of Indonesia 2013
Independence day date August 17 1945
Land border length 2,830 km 2014 64th out of 200
National anthems Indonesia Raya ( Great Indonesia ) 2011
National identity card Kartu Tanda Penduduk for Indonesian citizens and the KITAP's or permanent residents card holder. The card is issued upon reaching the age of 17 or upon marriage. 2004
Neighboring countries and territories Australia (M) East Timor India (M) Malaysia Palau (M) Papua New Guinea Philippines (M) Singapore (M) Thailand (M) Vietnam (M) Ashmore and Cartier Islands ( Australia ) (M) Christmas Island ( Australia ) (M) 2014

Spread across a chain of thousands of islands between Asia and Australia, Indonesia has the world's largest Muslim population and Southeast Asia's biggest economy.

Ethnically it is highly diverse, with more than 300 local languages. The people range from rural hunter-gatherers to a modern urban elite.

Sophisticated kingdoms existed before the arrival of the Dutch, who consolidated their hold over two centuries, eventually uniting the archipelago in around 1900.

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