Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Heard Island and McDonald Islands Geography Stats


  • Area > Comparative: The area of various small countries expressed in comparison to various areas within the United States of America.
  • Area > Comparative to US places: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements (1990 revised) provided by the US Bureau of the Census. The smaller entities are compared with Washington, DC (178 sq km, 69 sq mi) or The Mall in Washington, DC (0.59 sq km, 0.23 sq mi, 146 acres).
  • Area > Land: Total land area in square kilometres
  • Area > Total: Total area in square kilometers
  • Area > Water: Total water area in square kilometers
  • Climate: A brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.
  • Coastline: The total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea.
  • Elevation extremes > Highest point: Highest point above sea level
  • Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the purpose of finding the approximate geographic center of an entity and is based on the Gazetteer of Conventional Names, Third Edition, August 1988, US Board on Geographic Names and on other sources.
  • Irrigated land: The number of square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied with water.
  • Land use > Arable land: The percentage of used land that is arable. Arable land is land cultivated for crops that are replanted after each harvest like wheat, maize, and rice
  • Location: The country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.
  • Natural hazards: Potential natural disasters.
  • Natural resources: A country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance.
  • Terrain: A brief description of the topography
Area > Comparative slightly more than two times the size of Washington, DC 2013
Area > Comparative to US places slightly more than two times the size of Washington, DC 2008
Area > Land 412 sq km 2008 193th out of 235
Area > Total 412 sq km 2013 202nd out of 251
Area > Water 0.0 2013 162nd out of 246
Climate antarctic 2013
Coastline 101.9 km 2014 163th out of 242
Elevation extremes > Highest point Mawson Peak on Big Ben volcano 2,745 m 2013
Geographic coordinates 53 06 S, 72 31 E 2013
Irrigated land 0.0 2012 21st out of 32
Land use > Arable land 0.0 2013 218th out of 246
Location islands in the Indian Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Madagascar to Antarctica 2013
Natural hazards Mawson Peak, an active volcano, is on Heard Island 2011
Natural resources fish 2013
Terrain Heard Island - 80% ice-covered, bleak and mountainous, dominated by a large massif (Big Ben) and an active volcano (Mawson Peak); McDonald Islands - small and rocky 2013

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008



Heard Island and McDonald Islands Geography Profiles (Subcategories)

Area 5 Land use 3

Heard Island and McDonald Islands categories

Background Geography Military
Economy Government People
Environment Media Transport

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