European Union Compared by Economy > Entrepreneurship > Hiring and Firing > Index ranking

DEFINITION: Every economy has established a complex system of laws and institutions intended to protect the interests of workers and to guarantee a minimum standard of living for its population. The OECD Job Study and the International Encyclopedia for Labour Law and Industrial Relations identify 4 areas subject to statutory regulation in all countries: employment, social security, industrial relations and occupational health and safety. Doing Business focuses on the regulation of employment, specifically the hiring and firing of workers and the rigidity of working hours. This year data on social security payments by the employer and pension benefits, including the mandatory retirement age, have been added. The data on hiring and firing workers are based on a detailed survey of employment and social security regulations. The survey is completed by local law firms. The employment laws of most countries are available online in the NATLEX database, published by the International Labour Organization. In all cases both actual laws and secondary sources are used to ensure accuracy. Conflicting answers are further checked against 2 additional sources, including a local legal treatise on employment regulation. NOTE: This is a ranking derived from several indicators, 1 being the best (ranked first). The higher the number on this graph, the lower their overall ranking. Invert this graph by clicking on 'Amount' at the top. Consult source for details on methodology.


1 Spain 150 2005
2 Romania 149 2005
3 Greece 148 2005
4 Portugal 145 2005
5 France 142 2005
6 Italy 138 2005
7 Slovenia 133 2005
8 Germany 131 2005
9 Estonia 111 2005
10 Austria 110 2005
11 Croatia 109 2005
12 Latvia 103 2005
13 Lithuania 93 2005
14 Bulgaria 90 2005
15 Sweden 86 2005
16 Hungary 85 2005
17 Finland 84 2005
18 Slovakia 74 2005
19 Netherlands 70 2005
20 Poland 64 2005
21 Czech Republic 60 2005
22 Ireland 59 2005
23 Belgium 43 2005
24 Denmark 17 2005
25 United Kingdom 15 2005


European Union Compared by Economy > Entrepreneurship > Hiring and Firing > Index ranking


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